Historical

This pewter Levitical pitcher was used to wash the hands of the kohen (priest) in preparation for the priestly benediction of the congregation

This is perhaps the only ritual object remaining from a synagogue built in 1887 in Gemünden-am-Main in Unterfranken, Bavaria, Germany, where an organized congregation was established in the 1870s.

This typewriter was used by the Chicago journalist Morris Indritz.

Morris Indritz was born in 1890 in Courland, Russia, now Latvia.

This portfolio of woodcut prints was created by a group of progressive Jewish artists from Chicago in support of Biro-Bidjan, an autonomous Jewish region in Siberia.

In 1934, a Jewish autonomous region was established in Biro-Bidjan (sometimes spelled Birobidzhan), Siberia.

This traveling wardrobe belonged to Yiddish theater star Dina Halpern, and is a relic of a time when plays by Sholem Aleichem, S. Ansky, as well as Yiddish translations of Chekhov, Tolstoy, and Wilder were performed on Chicago’s old West Side.

Dina Halpern was born in Warsaw, Poland in 1909. As a child, she performed as a dancer then joined the Warsaw Yiddish Art Theatre, headed by her great-aunt, Esther Rachel Kaminska.

Child identity card issued to Erich Grunebaum (later Eric Greene) by the German government for the purpose of emigrating to France on a children's transport.

In the years leading up to and through World War II efforts were made to rescue Jewish children from Germany and Nazi-occupied countries.

This prisoner's uniform from Auschwitz is a tragic reminder of the cruelty and inhumanity of the Nazi concentration camps, where prisoners who were not immediately murdered endured the most extreme suffering and humiliation.

Auschwitz-Birkenau was the death site of approximately 1.1 million people.

This can is from Auschwitz, where poisonous gas was used to murder hundreds of thousands of Jews in the implementation of the Nazis' “Final Solution.”

Following the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, mobile “killing squads” called Einsatzgruppen traveled throughout occupied areas to eliminate local Jewish populations through

A crucial step in the Nazi genocide was the identification and separation of Jews through distinguishing badges and ghettoization.

During World War II,

This propagandistic poster displays key aspects of Nazi antisemitism and racial ideology, which asserted the supremacy of the “Aryan race” and the need to purify Germany of Jews.

Plagued by political unrest and economic depression in the post-World War I era, Germany was fertile ground for the rise of extreme right-wing nationalist organizations.

Abraham Lincoln Marovitz rose from an impoverished immigrant background to become a noted jurist and Illinois’ first Jewish state senator. He was a beloved Chicago icon and a proud Jew.

Abraham Lincoln Marovitz was raised in Chicago’s