Mailed from Chaplain Samuel M. Kaufman to Rabbi Nathan Witkin. New year message and illustration of a soldier blowing a shofar are printed in black and red ink.

Through the years, an estimated hundred thousand Jewish men and women in Chicago participated in some seven hundred landsmanshaft fareinen, or “homeland societies” formed by people who emi

Adolph Joachim Sabath (1866–1952) was born into the only Jewish family in the small town of Zabori, Bohemia (now the Czech Republic).

Chicagoan Isadore Turner (ca. 1882-1966) served for fifty years as a leader in the local Zionist movement.

The Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg fur die besetzten Gebiete (Reichsleiter Rosenberg Taskforce for the Occupied Territories) was a Nazi organization established in 1940 for the purpose of seizi

Badge of "Gordonia", a Zionist Labor Youth Organization founded in Poland in 1925. Obverse: flowering tree with pick and shovel flanking at bottom. Reverse: screw plate closure.

Mayer Rachmiel Mises (1801-1891) was born in Lemberg. He was ennobled in 1881 by Franz Joseph I of Austria in recognition of his economic achievements.

An ancient inscription describes the works of Nebuchadnezzar II , King of Babylon

This cylinder records the building operations of Nebuchadnezzar II, King of Babylon, at Sippar.

This is a scale model of a synagogue built ca. 1750 in Grodno, Belarus, and destroyed by the Nazis in June 1941

A distinctive and original style of synagogue construction developed in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the mid-sixteenth century.

This olive wood box with painted plaster relief map of Jerusalem inside was made for the American Colony Hotel in Jerusalem

Marketing nationality is not a post-1948 trend, but in fact continues the historical legacies of travel and colonialism in the region.